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习近平:加强国家生物安全风险防控和治理体系建设 提高国家生物安全治理能力

来源:新(xin)华社(she)阅读:发布时间:2020-09-30 15:28字体【  

习近平在(zai)中共中央政(zheng)治局第(di)三十三次集体学习时(shi)强(qiang)调

加(jia)强国家生物安(an)全(quan)风险防控和治理体系(xi)建设

提(ti)高国家生(sheng)物(wu)安全治理能力

中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央政治(zhi)局9月29日下午就加(jia)强(qiang)我(wo)国(guo)生(sheng)物安全(quan)建(jian)设进(jin)行第三十(shi)三次集(ji)体(ti)(ti)学(xue)习。中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央总(zong)书记(ji)习近平在(zai)主持学(xue)习时强(qiang)调,生(sheng)物安全(quan)关乎(hu)(hu)人民生(sheng)命健康,关乎(hu)(hu)国(guo)家(jia)长治(zhi)久(jiu)安,关乎(hu)(hu)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华民族永续发展,是国(guo)家(jia)总(zong)体(ti)(ti)安全(quan)的重要(yao)组成部分,也(ye)是影响乃(nai)至重塑(su)世界格局的重要(yao)力(li)量(liang)。要(yao)深刻认识(shi)新形势下加(jia)强(qiang)生(sheng)物安全(quan)建(jian)设的重要(yao)性(xing)和(he)紧(jin)迫性(xing),贯彻(che)总(zong)体(ti)(ti)国(guo)家(jia)安全(quan)观(guan),贯彻(che)落实生(sheng)物安全(quan)法,统筹发展和(he)安全(quan),按照以人为本(ben)、风险预防、分类管理(li)、协同配合的原则,加(jia)强(qiang)国(guo)家(jia)生(sheng)物安全(quan)风险防控和(he)治(zhi)理(li)体(ti)(ti)系建(jian)设,提高国(guo)家(jia)生(sheng)物安全(quan)治(zhi)理(li)能力(li),切实筑牢国(guo)家(jia)生(sheng)物安全(quan)屏(ping)障。

中国工程院(yuan)院(yuan)士、中国农科(ke)院(yuan)副院(yuan)长吴孔明同志就这个(ge)问题进行讲(jiang)解,提出了工作建议(yi)。中央政治局的(de)同志认真听取了他的(de)讲(jiang)解,并进行了讨论。

习近平在主(zhu)持学习时发表(biao)了重要讲话(hua)。他(ta)指出,党(dang)的十八(ba)大以来(lai),党(dang)中央把(ba)加强生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安(an)(an)(an)全建(jian)设(she)摆上更加突出的位(wei)置,纳入(ru)国家(jia)(jia)安(an)(an)(an)全战(zhan)略,颁布施(shi)行生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安(an)(an)(an)全法,出台国家(jia)(jia)生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安(an)(an)(an)全政策和(he)国家(jia)(jia)生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安(an)(an)(an)全战(zhan)略,健(jian)全国家(jia)(jia)生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安(an)(an)(an)全工作组织(zhi)领导体制机(ji)制,积极(ji)应对生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安(an)(an)(an)全重大风险(xian),加强生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)资源保护(hu)利用,举(ju)全党(dang)全国全社会之力(li)打好新冠肺炎疫情防控(kong)人(ren)民战(zhan)争,我国生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安(an)(an)(an)全防范意识和(he)防护(hu)能力(li)不(bu)断增(zeng)强,维护(hu)生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安(an)(an)(an)全基础不(bu)断巩固,生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安(an)(an)(an)全建(jian)设(she)取(qu)得历(li)史(shi)性成就。

习近平强(qiang)调,现在,传(chuan)统生物安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)问题(ti)和(he)新(xin)型生物安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)风(feng)(feng)险(xian)相互叠(die)加,境外生物威胁和(he)内部(bu)生物风(feng)(feng)险(xian)交织并存,生物安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)风(feng)(feng)险(xian)呈现出许多新(xin)特点,我(wo)国生物安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)风(feng)(feng)险(xian)防(fang)控和(he)治理体(ti)系还(hai)存在短(duan)板(ban)弱项。必须科学分析我(wo)国生物安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)形势,把握面临的风(feng)(feng)险(xian)挑战,明确加强(qiang)生物安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)建设(she)的思路(lu)和(he)举措。

习(xi)近平指出(chu),要完(wan)善国(guo)家生(sheng)物(wu)安全(quan)(quan)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)体系,加强(qiang)战略(lve)性(xing)、前瞻性(xing)研究谋划,完(wan)善国(guo)家生(sheng)物(wu)安全(quan)(quan)战略(lve)。要健全(quan)(quan)党(dang)委领导、政府负责(ze)、社(she)会协同、公(gong)众(zhong)参与、法(fa)(fa)治(zhi)(zhi)保障的生(sheng)物(wu)安全(quan)(quan)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)机制,强(qiang)化各级(ji)生(sheng)物(wu)安全(quan)(quan)工作协调机制。要从立法(fa)(fa)、执法(fa)(fa)、司法(fa)(fa)、普(pu)法(fa)(fa)、守(shou)法(fa)(fa)各环节全(quan)(quan)面(mian)发力,健全(quan)(quan)国(guo)家生(sheng)物(wu)安全(quan)(quan)法(fa)(fa)律(lv)法(fa)(fa)规(gui)体系和(he)(he)制度(du)保障体系,加强(qiang)生(sheng)物(wu)安全(quan)(quan)法(fa)(fa)律(lv)法(fa)(fa)规(gui)和(he)(he)生(sheng)物(wu)安全(quan)(quan)知识宣传教育,提高全(quan)(quan)社(she)会生(sheng)物(wu)安全(quan)(quan)风(feng)险防范意识。要夯(hang)实联防联控、群防群控的基层基础,打好(hao)生(sheng)物(wu)安全(quan)(quan)风(feng)险防控人民(min)战争。

习(xi)近平(ping)强(qiang)(qiang)调(diao),要(yao)(yao)强(qiang)(qiang)化系(xi)统治理和全(quan)链(lian)(lian)条(tiao)防(fang)(fang)控,坚持(chi)系(xi)统思维,科学施策,统筹谋划,抓好全(quan)链(lian)(lian)条(tiao)治理。要(yao)(yao)织牢织密生(sheng)物(wu)安全(quan)风(feng)险(xian)监(jian)测预(yu)(yu)警网络,健(jian)(jian)全(quan)监(jian)测预(yu)(yu)警体(ti)系(xi),重(zhong)点加(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)基(ji)层(ceng)监(jian)测站点建设(she),提(ti)升(sheng)末端发(fa)现能力。要(yao)(yao)快速感知识别(bie)新发(fa)突发(fa)传(chuan)染(ran)病(bing)、重(zhong)大动植(zhi)物(wu)疫情、微生(sheng)物(wu)耐药性、生(sheng)物(wu)技术环境(jing)安全(quan)等风(feng)险(xian)因素,做到早发(fa)现、早预(yu)(yu)警、早应对。要(yao)(yao)建立(li)健(jian)(jian)全(quan)重(zhong)大生(sheng)物(wu)安全(quan)突发(fa)事件的(de)应急预(yu)(yu)案,完善快速应急响应机(ji)制(zhi)。要(yao)(yao)加(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)应急物(wu)资和能力储备(bei),既要(yao)(yao)储备(bei)实(shi)物(wu),也要(yao)(yao)储备(bei)产能。要(yao)(yao)实(shi)行积极防(fang)(fang)御、主(zhu)动治理,坚持(chi)人病(bing)兽防(fang)(fang)、关(guan)口前移,从(cong)源头前端阻(zu)断人兽共(gong)患病(bing)的(de)传(chuan)播路径(jing)。要(yao)(yao)立(li)足更精准更有效地防(fang)(fang),理顺(shun)基(ji)层(ceng)动植(zhi)物(wu)疫病(bing)防(fang)(fang)控体(ti)制(zhi)机(ji)制(zhi),明确(que)机(ji)构定位(wei),提(ti)升(sheng)专业能力,夯实(shi)基(ji)层(ceng)基(ji)础。

习近平指出,要(yao)(yao)盯牢抓(zhua)紧生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安(an)全(quan)重点风(feng)险(xian)领域,强化(hua)底线思(si)维和(he)风(feng)险(xian)意识。要(yao)(yao)强化(hua)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)资源(yuan)安(an)全(quan)监管(guan),制(zhi)定完善(shan)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)资源(yuan)和(he)人(ren)类遗传(chuan)资源(yuan)目录。要(yao)(yao)加(jia)强入境(jing)检(jian)疫(yi),强化(hua)潜在风(feng)险(xian)分析和(he)违规(gui)(gui)违法行为处罚,坚(jian)决守牢国(guo)门关(guan)口。对(dui)已经传(chuan)入并造成严(yan)重危害的(de),要(yao)(yao)摸清底数(shu),“一种一策”精准(zhun)治(zhi)理(li),有效灭除。要(yao)(yao)加(jia)强对(dui)国(guo)内病原微(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)实(shi)验(yan)室生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安(an)全(quan)的(de)管(guan)理(li),严(yan)格(ge)执行有关(guan)标准(zhun)规(gui)(gui)范,严(yan)格(ge)管(guan)理(li)实(shi)验(yan)样本、实(shi)验(yan)动物(wu)、实(shi)验(yan)活动废(fei)弃(qi)物(wu)。要(yao)(yao)加(jia)强对(dui)抗微(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)药(yao)物(wu)使用和(he)残留的(de)管(guan)理(li)。

习近平强调(diao),要(yao)加快推(tui)进(jin)(jin)(jin)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)科(ke)技(ji)创新和(he)产(chan)(chan)业化应(ying)用(yong)(yong),推(tui)进(jin)(jin)(jin)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安全领(ling)域(yu)科(ke)技(ji)自(zi)立自(zi)强,打造国家(jia)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安全战略科(ke)技(ji)力量,健(jian)全生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安全科(ke)研(yan)攻关机制,严格(ge)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)技(ji)术(shu)研(yan)发应(ying)用(yong)(yong)监管(guan)(guan)(guan),加强生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)实(shi)验室管(guan)(guan)(guan)理,严格(ge)科(ke)研(yan)项(xiang)目伦理审查和(he)科(ke)学(xue)家(jia)道德教育。要(yao)促(cu)进(jin)(jin)(jin)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)技(ji)术(shu)健(jian)康发展,在尊重科(ke)学(xue)、严格(ge)监管(guan)(guan)(guan)、依法依规、确(que)保安全的前(qian)提下,有序(xu)推(tui)进(jin)(jin)(jin)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)育种(zhong)、生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)制药(yao)(yao)等领(ling)域(yu)产(chan)(chan)业化应(ying)用(yong)(yong)。要(yao)把优秀传统理念同(tong)现(xian)代生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)技(ji)术(shu)结合起来,中西(xi)医结合、中西(xi)药(yao)(yao)并用(yong)(yong),集成推(tui)广生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)防治、绿色防控(kong)技(ji)术(shu)和(he)模式(shi),协同(tong)规范抗(kang)菌药(yao)(yao)物(wu)(wu)使用(yong)(yong),促(cu)进(jin)(jin)(jin)人与自(zi)然和(he)谐共生(sheng)(sheng)。

习近平(ping)指出,要积极(ji)参与全球生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安全治理,同(tong)国(guo)(guo)际社会携(xie)手应对(dui)日(ri)益严峻的生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安全挑战,加强生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安全政策制定、风险评估、应急响应、信息共享(xiang)、能力(li)建设等(deng)方面的双多(duo)(duo)边合作188体育平(ping)台1。要办好《生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)多(duo)(duo)样(yang)性公约》第十五次缔约方大(da)会,推(tui)动制定“2020年后全球生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)多(duo)(duo)样(yang)性框架(jia)”,为(wei)世(shi)界贡(gong)献中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)智慧、提供(gong)中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)方案。要倡导本(ben)着科学原则、按科学规则推(tui)动新(xin)冠病毒溯(su)源(yuan)工作。

习近平(ping)强调,加强生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)建(jian)(jian)设(she)是一项长期而(er)艰巨(ju)的任务,需(xu)要(yao)持(chi)(chi)续用力、扎实(shi)(shi)推进。各(ge)级(ji)党委(党组)和(he)政府要(yao)切实(shi)(shi)把(ba)思想认识和(he)行(xing)动统一到(dao)党中央决(jue)策(ce)(ce)部署上来,把(ba)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)工作责(ze)任落到(dao)实(shi)(shi)处,做(zuo)到(dao)守(shou)土有责(ze)、守(shou)土尽责(ze)。要(yao)加大投(tou)入力度,完善政策(ce)(ce)措施(shi),强化要(yao)素保障,把(ba)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)建(jian)(jian)设(she)重(zhong)点任务抓(zhua)实(shi)(shi)抓(zhua)好抓(zhua)出成效,提高生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)风(feng)险防控(kong)(kong)和(he)治理体系现代化水平(ping),牢(lao)(lao)牢(lao)(lao)掌握国家(jia)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)主动权。要(yao)持(chi)(chi)之(zhi)以(yi)恒抓(zhua)好新冠肺炎疫情防控(kong)(kong),坚(jian)决(jue)克服麻痹思想、厌战情绪(xu)、侥幸心(xin)理、松懈心(xin)态,从严从紧落实(shi)(shi)各(ge)项防控(kong)(kong)措施(shi),守(shou)住来之(zhi)不易(yi)的防控(kong)(kong)成果。

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